Le Corbusier

Le Corbusier
(1887-1965) (Charles-Édouard Jeanneret)
   architect, urbanist, painter, theorist
   Charles-Édouard Jeanneret, or Le Corbusier (he adopted his mother's maiden name), as he is known, had a major effect on the development of modern architecture. Born in La Chaux-de-Fonde, Switzerland, he received his early education there, then studied modern building construction in Paris. in 1922, he went into partnership in Paris as an architect with his cousin Pierre Jeanneret. While practicing architecture, Le Corbusier was also active as a painter and writer. in his painting, he was associated with amadée ozenfant. Together, they published Après le cubism (1918), a manifesto of "purism," one of the styles that had grown out of cubism. in 1920, they founded the review L'Esprit Nouveau, for which Le Corbusier wrote numerous articles to support his theories on architecture. He also published Vers un architecture in 1923 and, in 1925, L'Art décoratif aujord'hui and Urbanisme, in which he presented these theories of architecture as an essential part of modern life. Basically a functionalist, Le Corbusier broke with the forms and designs of historic styles and sought a new 20th-century style, to be based on engineering achievements in bridge building and steamship construction; on modern materials, including sheet glass, ferroconcrete, and synthetics; as well as on contemporary urban situations and requirements. Le Corbusier advanced the now-familiar international style of unadorned, low-lying buildings, dependent on functional and simple form and composition. His most notable buildings include the Palace of the League of Nations (Geneva, 1927-28); the Swiss Building (Cité universitaire, Paris, 1931-32); Ville Savoye (Poissey, 1931); Ministry of Culture (Rio de Janeiro, 1936-43) Unités d'habitation (Marseille, 1946-52); Notre-Dame-du-Haut (Ronchamp, 1950-55); and the High Courts Buildings (1952-56) in Chandigarh, india. The Secretariat Building of the United Nations in New York City is also primarily his design.

France. A reference guide from Renaissance to the Present . 1884.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Corbusier — Le see LE CORBUSIER * * * …   Universalium

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  • Corbusier — Le Corbusier (* 6. Oktober 1887 in La Chaux de Fonds im Schweizer Kanton Neuenburg; † 27. August 1965 in Roquebrune Cap Martin bei Monaco; eigentlich Charles Edouard Jeanneret Gris) war ein französisch schweizerischer Architekt,… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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  • Corbusier, Le — ▪ Swiss architect Introduction byname of  Charles Édouard Jeanneret  born October 6, 1887, La Chaux de Fonds, Switzerland died August 27, 1965, Cap Martin, France  internationally influential Swiss architect and city planner, whose designs… …   Universalium

  • CORBUSIER, Le — (1887 1965)    Charles Edouard Jeanneret, known as Le Corbusier, initially trained as a painter but ultimately became the most famous modernist architect of the 20th century. Le Corbusier first studied with Peter Behrens, best known for his… …   Historical Dictionary of Architecture

  • Corbusier —    see Le Corbusier …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Corbusier — /kɔˈbyzjeɪ/ (say kaw boohzyay) noun → Le Corbusier …   Australian English dictionary